National Sludge Alliance
Charlotte Hartman, National Coordinator
180 Boston Corners Road
Millerton, NY 12546
(518) 329-2120 (phone/fax)

NSA Public Fact Sheet 110

Beneficial Use - Disease/Death: by Design or Ignorance?



  1. Babish, J. G., D. J. Lisk, G. S. Stoewsand, and C. Wilkinson. 1981. "Organic toxicants and pathogens in sewage sludge and their environmental effects." Spec. Rept. No. 42, N. Y. State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY.
  2. Babish, J. G. 1985. "Health risks associated with the organic fraction of municipal sewage sludges." Bulletin 851. Criteria and Recommendations for land application of Sludges in the northeast. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa.
  3. Dettman, Ellen J. 1994. Water Pollution Unit Chief, Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Official transmittal letter to H.E. Snider, Director of Kansas City's Water and Pollution Control Department.
  4. Dorn. C. R., Reddy. C. S., Lamphere. D. N., Gaeuman. J. V., and Lanese. R. (1985). "Municipal Sewage Sludge Application on Ohio Farms: Health Effects." Environment Research 38. 332-359.
  5. Isaacs, Florence. 1996. "Is your fruit safe to eat." Fitness, Oct. 1996, pp. 47-48.
  6. National Research Council. 1996. "Use of Reclaimed Water and Sludge in Food Crop Production." National Academy Press. Washington, D.C.
  7. Taylor. R. J., and Burrows, M. R. (1971). "The survival of Escherichia Coli and Samonella dublin in slurry in pasture and the infectivity of S. dublin for grazing calves." Brit. Vet. J. 127, 536-543.
  8. Taylor. R. J. (1973). "A further assessment of the potential for calves allowed to graze pasture contaminated with Salmonella dublin in slurry." Brit. Vet. J. 129, 354-358.
  9. World Health Organization (1981). "The risk to Health of Microbes in Sewage Sludge Applied to Land: Report on a WHO Working Group." Stevenage, 6-9 January 1981. EURO Reports and Studies, 54. World Health Organization. Copenhagen. -LSI-